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Jag Reehals thinking on things, mostly product development

Creating Stencil Apps with Tailwind

13 Jan 2021

Stencil is a compiler for creating web components that work alone or with web applications written in React, Vue, Angular, Svelte, Ember or anything else you can think of.

Tailwind CSS deserves all praise love it's getting right now as the developer experience is incredible.

In this post I'll show how to create a Stencil web app using Tailwind CSS.

You can create a Stencil web application by running

npm init stencil

and choosing 'app' when asked to pick a starter

stencil-pick-a-starter

next add the following dev dependencies

npm install -D tailwindcss@latest @stencil/postcss@latest autoprefixer@latest

and run the following command to create a Tailwind configuration file 'tailwind.config.js'.

npx tailwindcss init

In the Tailwind configuration file set the array of paths for where you'll be using Tailwind classes. This is required for removing unused CSS when creating a production build

module.exports = {
purge: [],
purge: ['./src/**/*.html', './src/**/*.tsx', './src/**/*.css'],
darkMode: false, // or 'media' or 'class'
theme: {
extend: {},
},
variants: {},
plugins: [],
};

You can configure Stencil to use PostCSS as a plugin in 'stencil.config.ts'

import { Config } from '@stencil/core';
import { postcss } from '@stencil/postcss';
import tailwindcss from 'tailwindcss';
import autoprefixer from 'autoprefixer';

// https://stenciljs.com/docs/config

export const config: Config = {
globalStyle: 'src/global/app.css',
globalScript: 'src/global/app.ts',
taskQueue: 'async',
outputTargets: [
{
type: 'www',
// comment the following line to disable service workers in production
serviceWorker: null,
baseUrl: 'https://myapp.local/',
},
],
plugins: [
postcss({
plugins: [tailwindcss(), autoprefixer],
}),
],
};

The next step is to inject Tailwind's 'base', 'components', and 'utilities' styles in 'src/global/app.css'.

@tailwind base;
@tailwind components;
@tailwind utilities;

That's all the configuration done! Now you can start the Stencil development server by running

npm start

Using Tailwind in Stencil Components

It's possible to use Stencil with the ShadowDOM which will be covered in a later post, but lets keep things simple for now

Open the file 'src/components/app-root/app-root.tsx' and remove the styleUrl and shadow properties from the component, and replace the header element to use Tailwind CSS classes.

import { Component, h } from '@stencil/core';

@Component({
tag: 'app-root',
styleUrl: 'app-root.css',
shadow: true,
})
export class AppRoot {
render() {
return (
<div>
<header>
<h1>Stencil App Starter</h1>
</header>
<header class="bg-purple-700 h-16 flex items-center shadow-md">
<h1 class="text-white text-xl font-bold px-3">Stencil App Starter</h1>
</header>

<main>
<stencil-router>
<stencil-route-switch scrollTopOffset={0}>
<stencil-route url="/" component="app-home" exact={true} />
<stencil-route url="/profile/:name" component="app-profile" />
</stencil-route-switch>
</stencil-router>
</main>
</div>
);
}
}

The output for using Tailwind CSS with Stencil is shown below.

The code for how to use Tailwind CSS with Stencil can be found on GitHub.

In upcoming posts I'll show how to create component libraries using Stencil and Tailwind covering topics such as scoped CSS styles.

tailwind stencil